Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, or FAS, was first described by researchers in 1973. As our understanding of the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure increased, researchers discovered that these effects can be very different. Today, this range of effects is encompassed under the umbrella term Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has created a fact sheet that summarizes major advancements in the history of FASD research. It also explains the current state of FASD research as well as possible future directions. You can read more about discoveries from recent FASD studies on this list put together by the Minnesota Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
The DiG FASD project is part of the Collaborative Initiative on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (CIFASD), which is funded by the NIH and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). CIFASD is a multidisciplinary research consortium with study sites across the United States and the world. Since 2003, CIFASD investigators have studied different aspects of FASD, including brain and physical development, facial features, behavior, cognition, diagnosis, nutrition, genetics, stress, daily rhythms, and immune function. You can see a list of scientific publications produced by CIFASD here.