Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, or FASD, is an umbrella term for a range of disorders that can occur as the result of prenatal alcohol exposure. These disorders include Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (pFAS), Neurobehavioral Disorder associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE), and Alcohol-Related Neurobehavioral Disorder (ARND). There is a range of characteristics associated with each disorder. These may include physical, mental, behavioral, and/or learning disabilities with possible lifelong implications. Some people with FASD have cognitive and behavioral problems. FASD may include changes to growth and/or specific facial features.
Prenatal alcohol exposure can cause Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), which includes characteristic changes to some facial features.
Image courtesy of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.